Toscanini, Arturo


Toscanini, Arturo
(1867–1957)
   One of the greatest orchestral conductors of modern times, Toscanini was born in Parma, where he studied at the conservatory. After a distinguished early career as a musician and conductor, he became the first director of Milan’s La Scala Theater in 1898. Much of his subsequent career was spent in the United States as the director of New York’s finest orchestras. Between 1937 and 1954, he was the director of the NBC symphony orchestra, which was dissolved upon his retirement in 1954. Famously choleric with wayward musicians, Toscanini preached and practiced a policy of strict fidelity to the original musical scores. His repertoire included Verdi, Puccini, Wagner, Beethoven, and Brahms, but few post-1918 works. Toscanini’s relationship with the Fascist regime was a mixed one. He actually ran as a candidate for the Partito Nazionale Fascista/National Fascist Party (PNF) in the 1919 elections, but quickly lost sympathy with the regime. In May 1931, he refused to play the Fascist hymn Giovinezza as the prelude to a concert in Bologna and was brutally beaten by the blackshirts. Toscanini immigrated to the United States following this episode and only returned in 1956. He died the following year.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

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  • Toscanini, Arturo — ► (1867 1957) Director de orquesta italiano. Fue director de la Scala de Milán en 1898 1907 y 1921 29. * * * (25 mar. 1867, Parma, Italia–16 ene. 1957, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Director de orquesta italiano. Toscanini entró al conservatorio a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Toscanini, Arturo — born March 25, 1867, Parma, Italy died Jan. 16, 1957, New York, N.Y., U.S. Italian conductor. Toscanini entered a conservatory at age nine, studying cello, piano, and composition. He began his professional life as a cellist. After substituting… …   Universalium

  • Toscanini,Arturo — Tos·ca·ni·ni (tŏs kə nēʹnē, tōs kä ), Arturo. 1867 1957. Italian conductor of the Metropolitan Opera (1908 1921), the New York Philharmonic (1928 1936), and many other orchestras worldwide. * * * …   Universalium

  • Toscanini, Arturo —  (1867–1957) Italian conductor …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Toscanini — Toscanini, Arturo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Arturo Toscanini — Toscanini redirects here. For other uses, see Toscanini (disambiguation). Toscanini in 1908. Arturo Toscanini (Italian pronunciation: [arˈtuːro toskaˈniːni]; March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was an Italian conductor. One of the most… …   Wikipedia

  • Arturo Toscanini — en 1908 Naissance 25 mars 1867 Parme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Toscanini — Arturo Toscanini Arturo Toscanini Naissance 25 mars 1867 Parme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Toscanini — Arturo Toscanini Arturo Toscanini, 1908 Arturo Toscanini (* 25. März 1867 in Parma; † 16. Januar 1957 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arturo Toscanini — Arturo Toscanini, 1908 Arturo Toscanin …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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